Maharashtra Day: History, Significance Celebration and Facts

Maharashtra Day: On May 1st, Maharashtra Day is celebrated with great enthusiasm in the state of Maharashtra. Commonly known as Maharashtra Din, this day holds historical significance as it marks the foundation of the state of Maharashtra. Let’s delve into some key facts and the cultural significance of this special day:

History and Formation:

On this day in 1960, two new states were officially established: Maharashtra and Gujarat. The bilingual state of Bombay was divided into these two independent states, with Maharashtra primarily for Marathi-speaking people and Gujarat for Gujarati-speaking people.

The formation of Maharashtra and Gujarat resolved a longstanding disagreement over the city of Bombay (now Mumbai). The Marathi-speaking population believed that Bombay should be part of Maharashtra due to its majority Marathi-speaking residents.

The history of Maharashtra Day is tied to the creation of the state itself. Here’s a breakdown of the key events:

Pre-1960: Following India’s independence, the States Reorganisation Act of 1956 aimed to reorganize states based on language. Marathi-speaking regions were initially included in the Bombay State, which also included Gujarati-speaking areas.

Demand for a Separate State: This multi-lingual Bombay State led to calls for separate states based on language. Marathi speakers felt a distinct identity and desired a state where Marathi would be the prominent language.

The Bombay Reorganisation Act: After a movement for a Marathi-speaking state, the Parliament of India passed the Bombay Reorganisation Act in 1960. This act led to the division of Bombay State into two states: Maharashtra for Marathi speakers and Gujarat for Gujarati speakers.

Maharashtra Day Established: May 1, 1960, marked the day the Bombay Reorganisation Act came into effect, officially creating the state of Maharashtra. This day is since celebrated as Maharashtra Day, commemorating the culmination of the struggle for a separate Marathi state.


Maharashtra Day commemorates not only the founding of the state but also the struggle for a separate state. It is a public holiday across Maharashtra on May 1, 1960..

The day is marked by grand celebrations, including parades, cultural programs, and flag-hoisting ceremonies. It provides an opportunity for individuals to express pride in their Maharashtrian identity and celebrate the state’s rich cultural heritage.

Maharashtra Day holds several significant meanings for the people of Maharashtra:

Celebrates Marathi Culture and Language: The day honors the unique Marathi language, traditions, and rich cultural heritage of Maharashtra. It’s a day to take pride in being Maharashtrian.

Showcases Achievements: Maharashtra Day serves as a platform to acknowledge the state’s accomplishments in various fields like industry, agriculture, arts, and science.

Strengthens Unity: The celebrations bring people together, fostering a sense of community and unity amongst the diverse population of Maharashtra.

Promotes Tourism: The vibrant parades, cultural events, and displays of regional cuisine attract tourists, giving them a glimpse into Maharashtra’s vibrant culture.

Reflects on the Past and Looks to the Future: Maharashtra Day is a chance to remember the struggle for a separate state and the sacrifices made. It also serves as a springboard to look towards the future and strive for continued development and progress for Maharashtra.


Often referred to as Maharashtra Diwas, the day witnesses a massive procession at Shivaji Park, Dadar. Various cultural events take place throughout the state, from speeches to colorful parades. The state government and business sectors often launch new initiatives on this occasion.

There are many ways to celebrate Maharashtra Day, depending on your preferences and location. Here are some ideas:

Public Celebrations:

Attend flag-hoisting ceremonies held in your area.

Watch or participate in parades that showcase Maharashtra’s culture, often featuring traditional dance forms like Lavani.

Attend cultural events organized by the government or local communities. These could include music performances, plays, or exhibitions showcasing Maharashtrian art and crafts.

Festive Feasts:

Prepare a delicious Maharashtrian meal at home. Popular dishes include Puran Poli, Misal Pav, Vada Pav, and Shrikhand.

Visit local restaurants serving Maharashtrian cuisine to experience the flavors of the state.

Cultural Immersion:

Learn a few basic Marathi phrases to greet people and add a festive touch.

Watch Marathi movies or listen to traditional Marathi music to deepen your appreciation for the culture.

Dress up in traditional Maharashtrian attire like a dhoti for men or a saree for women (if available).

Social Media Engagement:

Share posts on social media using hashtags like #MaharashtraDay or #MarathiPride.

Post pictures of yourself celebrating or enjoying Maharashtrian food.

Personal Tributes:

Learn about the history of the Marathi language and the struggle for a separate state.

Read about the lives of prominent Marathi figures like Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj or social reformer Savitribai Phule.

Volunteer your time or donate to a cause that benefits Maharashtra.

No matter how you choose to celebrate, Maharashtra Day is a time to honor the rich heritage and vibrant culture of Maharashtra.

Key Facts about Maharashtra day:

Mumbai serves as the state capital of Maharashtra and is also the financial capital of the country.

Maharashtra is India’s third-largest state by land area and the second-most populated state.

Marathi is the official language of the state, and Maharashtra boasts a rich cultural legacy encompassing art, literature, music, and cuisine.

The state is renowned for its diverse tourist attractions, including historical monuments, beaches, wildlife reserves, and hill stations.

Let us celebrate Maharashtra Day by spreading love, joy, and positivity!