National Science Day 2024: Date, Theme, History, Significance, Celebration & More

National Science Day 2024: National Science Day 2024 is a significant event that celebrates scientific achievements and promotes scientific awareness. It commemorates the discovery of the Raman effect by Sir C. V. Raman in 1928, which led to his Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930. The Raman effect, characterized by the exchange of energy and change in wavelength of scattered light, has various applications in fields such as material analysis, scientific research, and technological development. Let’s examine National Science Day’s history, theme for 2024, methods of celebration, and importance in more depth.

National Science Day 2024: Theme

Theme for National Science Day 2024 is “Indigenous Technology for a Self-Reliant India.”

The theme for National Science Day 2024 is “Indigenous Technology for a Self-Reliant India.” This theme emphasizes the importance of developing and promoting indigenous technologies to achieve self-reliance in critical sectors and ensure sustainable development.

The theme for National Science Day 2023 is ‘Global Science for Global Wellbeing’.

The theme of National Science Day 2022 is “Integrated Approach in S&T for Sustainable Future”.

The theme of National Science Day 2020 is “Women in Science.”

The theme of National Science Day 2019 is “Science for the People and the People for Science.”

The theme of National Science Day 2018 is “Science and Technology for a Sustainable Future.”

The Theme of National Science Day 2017 is “Science and Technology for Specially Abled Persons.”

The theme of National Science Day 2016 is “Make in India: S&T-driven innovations.”

History National Science Day 2024

National Science Day is celebrated in India every year on February 28th to commemorate the discovery of the “Raman Effect” by Sir C. V. Raman on the same date in 1928. This groundbreaking discovery earned him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930 and significantly impacted our understanding of light and matter interaction.

Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata, West Bengal; 1907–1933: Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, Tamil Brahman, Inc. Here he had studied a number of physics subjects, including the Raman Effect, which was the greatest scientific discovery in Indian history. ‘National Science Day 2024’

In 1986, the Indian government was petitioned to declare February 28th as National Science Day by the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC). 28 February was proclaimed National Science Day in 1986 after the government approved it. February 28, 1987, was designated as the first National Science Day.

Fellowship of the Royal Society (1924), Knight Bachelor (1929), Nobel Prize in Physics (1930), Bharat Ratna (1954), Lenin Peace Prize (1957), and Fellow of the Royal Society (1924) are among the honors that CV Raman has received.

Significance National Science Day 2024

National Science Day serves as a crucial platform to:

  • Recognize the contributions of Indian scientists and their impact on global scientific advancements.
  • Promote scientific temper and encourage the pursuit of scientific research among students and the public.
  • Highlight the importance of science and technology in addressing national and global challenges. ‘National Science Day 2024’
  • Emphasize the need for investment in scientific research and development for sustainable growth and development.

Celebrations National Science Day 2024

National Science Day is marked by various events and activities across India, including:

Science exhibitions and demonstrations: These events showcase scientific concepts and innovations to the public, particularly students, to spark their interest in science.

Lectures and seminars by renowned scientists: These sessions provide insights into cutting-edge scientific research and its potential applications.

Competitions and quizzes: These activities encourage students to test their scientific knowledge and develop critical thinking skills.

Awards and recognition for scientific achievements: These initiatives acknowledge and motivate scientists for their contributions to various scientific fields.

Major scale celebrations held at The Indian government Department of Science and Technology, The Giant Metre wave Radio Telescope (GMRT), The Councils of Science and Technology (CSIR) in every state, The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), The CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (CSIR-NEERI) and at The Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium. ‘National Science Day 2024’

Objectives behind the National Science Day celebrations

National Science Day celebrations aim to achieve various objectives, fostering a culture of scientific awareness and progress in India. Here are some key objectives:

1. Promote Scientific Temper:

  • Encourage critical thinking and questioning, challenging blind faith and superstition.
  • Cultivate a rational and evidence-based approach to understanding the world around us.
  • Emphasize the importance of scientific methods and experimentation in acquiring knowledge. ‘National Science Day 2024’

2. Spark Interest in Science and Technology:

  • Ignite curiosity and passion for science among students and the public.
  • Showcase the fascinating world of science and its potential to solve real-world problems.
  • Encourage exploration, experimentation, and innovation in the scientific domain.

3. Recognize Scientific Achievements:

  • Celebrate the contributions of Indian scientists and their impact on global scientific advancements.
  • Acknowledge and reward outstanding research and development efforts in various scientific fields.
  • Inspire future generations to pursue scientific careers and contribute to national progress. ‘National Science Day 2024’

4. Highlight the Importance of Science and Technology:

  • Emphasize the role of science and technology in addressing national and global challenges like climate change, healthcare, and sustainable development.
  • Promote public understanding of the applications of science in everyday life and its impact on various sectors.
  • Advocate for increased investment in scientific research and development for long-term societal benefits.

5. Foster Collaboration and Communication:

  • Encourage interaction and collaboration between scientists, educators, policymakers, and the public.
  • Facilitate communication of scientific knowledge and advancements to diverse audiences.
  • Create a platform for discussing the ethical implications and responsible use of science and technology. ‘National Science Day 2024’

Additionally, specific themes chosen for each year’s National Science Day celebration further emphasize specific objectives. For example, the theme for 2024, “Indigenous Technology for a Self-Reliant India,” aims to promote the development and utilization of homegrown technologies for national self-reliance and addressing critical challenges.

By pursuing these objectives, National Science Day celebrations play a vital role in shaping a future where science and technology are valued and harnessed for the betterment of society.

With all these examples we come to know that Science not only provides a good career opportunity but also is very useful in our daily life which transforms our lives and also provides a new direction to think, invent new technology as seen above etc.

What is Raman Effect?

The Raman effect, also known as Raman scattering, is a phenomenon in physics where light scatters inelastically from molecules. This means that there is an exchange of energy between the light and the molecule, resulting in a change in the wavelength of the scattered light. ‘National Science Day 2024’


  • When light interacts with a molecule, most of the light is scattered elastically, meaning its wavelength remains unchanged.
  • However, a small portion of the light interacts with the molecule’s vibrational or rotational modes, causing the molecule to absorb energy from the light or transfer energy to the light.
  • This energy exchange results in a shift in the wavelength of the scattered light.

Types of Raman Scattering:

  • Stokes Raman scattering: The molecule gains energy from the light, leading to a longer wavelength (lower energy) in the scattered light. This is the most common type of Raman scattering.
  • Anti-Stokes Raman scattering: The molecule loses energy to the light, leading to a shorter wavelength (higher energy) in the scattered light. This is less common than Stokes Raman scattering.


The Raman effect has numerous applications in various fields, including:

  • Chemistry: Raman spectroscopy, a technique based on the Raman effect, is used to identify and analyze the chemical composition of materials.
  • Physics: Studying the Raman spectrum of a material can provide information about its structure, bonding, and vibrational modes.
  • Material science: Raman spectroscopy is used to characterize materials for various applications, such as semiconductors, pharmaceuticals, and polymers.
  • Biology: Raman spectroscopy can be used to study biological molecules and cells, providing insights into their structure and function. ‘National Science Day 2024’


The Raman effect was discovered by Sir C. V. Raman in 1928 and earned him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930. His groundbreaking discovery significantly impacted our understanding of light-matter interaction and paved the way for numerous scientific advancements.

In conclusion, the Raman effect is a crucial phenomenon in physics with diverse applications in various scientific fields. It allows us to analyze the composition and properties of materials at the molecular level, contributing significantly to scientific research and technological development.

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